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Nova Scotia is a Canadian province located on Canada's south eastern coast. It is the most populous province in Maritimes, and its capital, the Halifax Regional Municipality, is the economic and cultural center of the region. Nova Scotia is the second smallest province in Canada, with an area of only 55,284 km, but its population of 937,889[1] Nova Scotians (or, less formally, Bluenosers) makes it the seventh most populous province.

The province's mainland is a peninsula, connected to mainland North America by the Isthmus of Chignecto, and surrounded by the Atlantic Ocean, including numerous bays and estuaries. Cape Breton Island, a large island to the northeast of the Nova Scotian mainland, is also part of the province, as is Sable Island, a small island notorious for its shipwrecks, approximately 175 km (95 nm)from the province's southern coast. Nova Scotia may be Canada's second smallest province but no point in Nova Scotia is more than 56 km from the sea.

Nova Scotia's economy continues to be largely resource based, but has in recent years become more diverse. Traditional industries such as fishing, mining, forestry and agriculture remain very important, and have been joined by tourism, technology, film production, music and other cultural industries.

Coal mining has always been a significant influence on the culture and traditions of many communities in Nova Scotia. Understanding the history of coal mining is an important requirement for understanding the communities and those that live in them.

The territory now known as Nova Scotia was home to the Mi'kmaq when the first European settlers arrived. Nova Scotia was one of the founding four provinces to join Confederation with Canada in 1867.

The world was stunned in 1912 by the loss of the liner Titanic on her maiden voyage. Halifax, Nova Scotia, located on the eastern coast of Canada, has one of the most moving and intimate connections with the Titanic disaster, playing a key role during the tragedy's aftermath and becoming the final resting place of many of her unclaimed victims.

Oak Island, Nova Scotia is the site of one of the world's greatest archeological enigmas. For the past 200 years, its deadly secret has lured adventurers and explorers, among them Franklin D. Roosevelt, John Wayne, and even Errol Flynn. Long ago, someone came to this island and buried something. Exactly who they were and what they buried remains unknown to this day.

The schooner, Bluenose which appears on the back of the Canadian ten-cent piece (dime) and the current Nova Scotia license plate was built in Lunenburg, a town on the South Shore.

As a holiday destination it has so much to offer in the way of national parks, wildlife and natural leisure pursuits. Canoeing and all water sports, hiking, biking, climbing, horse riding, etc. its here and low-cost restaurants to eat out.

Visitors will find lush vegetation and absolutely delightful people. The air is crisp, clean and bracing.

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